[ClusterLabs] Warning: Data Corruption Issue Discovered in DRBD 8.4 and 9.0

Eric Robinson eric.robinson at psmnv.com
Mon Sep 25 17:03:40 EDT 2017


Under high write load, DRBD exhibits data corruption. In repeated tests over a month-long period, file corruption occurred after 700-900 GB of data had been written to the DRBD volume.

Testing Platform:

2 x Dell PowerEdge R610 servers
6 x Samsung SSD 840 Pro 512GB (latest firmware)
Dell H200 JBOD Controller
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2 (kernel 4.4.74-92.32)
Gigabit network, 900 Mbps throughput, < 1ms latency, 0 packet loss

Initial Setup:

                Create 2 RAID-0 software arrays using either mdadm or LVM
                On Array 1: sda5 through sdf5, create DRBD replicated volume (drbd0) with an ext4 filesystem
                On Array 2: sda6 through sdf6, create LVM logical volume with an ext4 filesystem


                Download and build the TrimTester SSD burn-in and TRIM verification tool from Algolia (https://github.com/algolia/trimtester).
                Run TrimTester against the filesystem on drbd0, wait for corruption to occur
                Run TrimTester against the non-drbd backed filesystem, wait for corruption to occur


In multiple tests over a period of a month, TrimTester would report file corruption when run against the DRBD volume after 700-900 GB of data had been written. The error would usually appear within an hour or two. However, when running it against the non-DRBD volume on the same physical drives, no corruption would occur. We could let the burn-in run for 15+ hours and write 20+ TB of data without a problem. Results were the same with DRBD 8.4 and 9.0. We also tried disabling the TRIM-testing part of TrimTester and using it as a simple burn-in tool, just to make sure that SSD TRIM was not a factor.


We are aware of some controversy surrounding the Samsung SSD 8XX series drives; however, the issues related to that controversy were resolved and no longer exist as of kernel 4.2. The 840 Pro drives are confirmed to support RZAT. Also, the data corruption would only occur when writing through the DRBD layer. It never occurred when bypassing the DRBD layer and writing directly to the drives, so we must conclude that DRBD has a data corruption bug under high write load. However, we would be more than happy to be proved wrong.

Eric Robinson

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