[ClusterLabs] NFS in different subnets

Strahil Nikolov hunter86_bg at yahoo.com
Sun Apr 19 01:48:59 EDT 2020

On April 18, 2020 10:39:45 PM GMT+03:00, Digimer <lists at alteeve.ca> wrote:
>On 2020-04-18 2:48 a.m., Strahil Nikolov wrote:
>> On April 18, 2020 8:43:51 AM GMT+03:00, Digimer <lists at alteeve.ca>
>>> For what it's worth; A lot of HA specialists spent a lot of time
>>> to find the simplest _reliable_ way to do multi-site/geo-replicated
>>> I am certain you'll find a simpler solution, but I would also wager
>>> that
>>> when it counts, it's going to let you down.
>>> The only way to make things simpler is to start making assumptions,
>>> if you do that, at some point you will end up with a split-brain
>>> sites thinking the other is gone and trying to take the primary
>>> or
>>> both sites will think the other is running, and neither will be. Add
>>> shared storage to the mix, and there's a high chance you will
>>> data when you need it most.
>>> Of course, there's always a chance you'll come up with a system no
>>> else has thought of, just be aware of what you know and what you
>>> HA is fun, in big part, because it's a challenge to get right.
>>> digimer
>> I don't get something.
>> Why this cannot be done?
>> One  node is in siteA, one in siteB , qnet on third location.Routing
>between the 2 subnets is established and symmetrical.
>> Fencing via IPMI or  SBD (for  example from a HA iSCSI cluster) is 
>> The NFS resource is started on 1  node and a special RA is  used for
>the DNS records. If node1 dies, the cluster  will fence  it and node2 
>will  power up the NFS and update the records.
>> Of course, updating DNS only from 1  side must work for both sites.
>> Best Regards,
>> Strahil Nikolov
>It comes down to differentiating between a link loss to a site versus
>the destruction/loss of the site. In either case, you can't fence the
>lost node, so what do you do? If you decide that you don't need to
>it, then you face all the issues of any other normal cluster with
>or missing fencing. It's just a question of time before you assume
>and end up with a split brain / data divergence / data loss.
>The reason that Booth has been designed the way it has solves this
>problem by having "a cluster of clusters". If a site is lost because of
>a comms break, you can trust the cluster at the site to act in a
>predictable way. This is only possible because that site is a
>self-contained HA cluster, so it can be confidently assumed that it
>shut down services when it loses contact with the peer and quorum
>The only safe way to operate without this setup over a stretch cluster
>is to accept that a comms loss or site loss hangs the cluster until a
>human intervenes, but then, that's not really HA now.

We  got a lot  of 2-node streched  clusters , but we operate at Layer2  and everything is transparent from OS point  of view.
Of course, we got both storage and Network run over redundant links.

In this case, the author has a separate Layer3 infrastructure - which might require booth.

With dual DC  the most important is to check if the nodes that will use the NFS are behind the firewall and where that firewall is. Usually they are in active/passive mode and if the active NFS server is in kne site, while the firewall is in the other - traffic between the DCs will be multiplied.

Best Regards,
Strahil Nikolov

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